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Carol Greide win Nobel medicine prize 2009

June 14, 2012 in Famous People With Dyslexia

Greider is the Daniel Nathans Professor and the Director of Molecular Biology and Genetics at the Johns Hopkins Institute of Basic Biomedical Sciences.

Greider was born in San Diego, California.[1] Her family moved from San Diego to Davis, California, where she spent many of her early years. She graduated from the College of Creative Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara, with a B.A. in biology in 1983. She completed her Ph.D. in molecular biology in 1987 at the University of California, Berkeley, under Elizabeth Blackburn. While at U.C. Berkeley, Greider co-discovered telomerase, a key chemical in cancer and anemia research, along with Blackburn. Greider then completed her postdoctoral work, and also held a faculty position, at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Long Island, New York. She next moved on to a faculty position at the Johns Hopkins University in 1997, where she remains employed.

Awards and honors

 Gairdner Foundation International Award (1998)

 Member of the American Society for Cell Biology (1999)

 Member of the National Academy of Sciences (2003)

 The Richard Lounsbery Award (2003), National Academy of Sciences [1] (“For her pioneering biochemical and genetic studies of telomerase, the enzyme that maintains the ends of chromosomes in eukaryotic cells.”)

 The Dickson Prize (2006)

 The Wiley Prize in Biomedical Sciences (2006) (shared with Elizabeth Blackburn)

 The Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (2006) (shared with Elizabeth Blackburn and Jack Szostak)

 The Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize (2007) (shared with Elizabeth Blackburn and Joseph G. Gall)

 Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize (2009) (shared with Elizabeth Blackburn)

 The Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (2009) (shared with Elizabeth Blackburn and Jack Szostak)”[2]

Selected works

 Greider, C. W. & Blackburn, E. H. (1985), “Identification of a specific telomere terminal transferase activity in Tetrahymena extracts”, Cell 43 (2 Pt. 1): 405–413

 Greider, C. W. & Blackburn, E. H. (1996), “Telomeres, Telomerase and Cancer”, Scientific American: 92–97
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Famous People With Dyslexia XV

June 12, 2012 in Famous People With Dyslexia

Patricia Polacco

I’m so glad you are here and that you would like to know more about me.

I was born in Lansing, Michigan in 1944. Soon after my birth I lived, in Williamston, Michigan and then moved onto my grandparents farm in Union City , Michigan.
I lived on the farm with my mom and Grandparents until 1949. That is when my Babushka (my grandmother ) died and we prepared to move away from Michigan. I must say that living on that little farm with them was the most magical time of my life…and that my Babushka and other grandparents were some of the most inspirational people in my life.
My parents were divorced when I was 3, and both my father and mother moved back into the homes of their parents. I spent the school year with my mother, and the summers with my dad. In both households I was the apple of my grandparents’ eyes! I would say that these relationships with my grandparents have most definitely influenced my life and my work. You probably have noticed that in almost every book that I write there is a very young person who is interacting with an elderly person. Personally, I feel that this is the most valuable experience of my life….having the wonder of knowing both children and elderly people.
The respect that I learned as a very young person certainly carried over into my life in later years. I have always like hearing stories from these folks.My genuine curiosity for the wonder of living a very long life prepared me to accept the declining years of my own parents.
To get back to the farm in Union City…this place was so magical to me that I have never forgotten it! This was the place where I heard such wonderful stories told…this was the place that a real meteor fell into our font yard…that very meteorite is now our family headstone in the graveyard here in Union City.


Did I tell you that I now live in Union City? This is after living in Oakland, California for almost 37 years. But, you see, every year I’d come back to Michigan to see my Dad and family.
Anyway…
In 1949 we left the farm to move , first to Coral Gables, Florida. I lived there with my Mom and my brother, Richard, for almost 3 years. Then we moved to Oakland, California . I remained there for most of my young life on into my adulthood. We lived on Ocean View Drive in the Rockridge District. What I loved the most about this neighborhood is that all of my neighbors came in as many colors, ideas and religions as there are people on the planet. How lucky I was to know so many people that were so different and yet so much alike.

It is on Ocean View that I met my best friend, Stewart Grinnell Washington. We are best friends to this day! He has a younger brother, Winston and three sisters; Jackie, Terry and Robin.When I was a student in elementary school I wasn’t a very good student. had a terrible time with reading and math. As a matter of fact, I did not learn how to read until I was almost 14 years old. Can you imagine what it was like to see all my friends do so well in school and I wasn’t! I thought I was dumb. I didn’t like school because there was this boy that always teased me and made me feel even dumber. When I was fourteen, it was learned that I have a learning disability. It is called dyslexia. I felt trapped in a body that wouldn’t do what everybody else could do. That was when one of my hero’s, my teacher, found what was wrong with me and got me the help I needed to succeed in school. Of course , now that I am an adult, I realize that being learning disabled does not mean DUMB AT ALL! As a matter of fact, I have learned that being learning disabled only means that I cannot learn the way most of you do. As a matter of fact most learning disabled children are actually GENIUSES! once I learned how to read and caught up with the rest of my fellow students, I did very well.
I went on to Uuniversity, majored in Fine Art, then went on to do a graduate degree and even ended up with a Ph.D. in Art History. For a time I restored ancient pieces of art for museums. I eventually became the mother of two children, Steven and Traci, and devoted much of my days to their education and upbringing.
I did not start writing children’s books until I was 41 years old. Mind you the “art” has always been there for me most of my life. Apparently one of the symptoms of my disability in academics is the ability of draw very, very well. So drawing, painting and sculpture has always been a part of my life even before I started illustrating my books. The books were quite a surprise, really. Mind you, I came from a family of incredible storytellers. My mother’s people were from the Ukraine and Russia…my father’s people were from Ireland. My extended family,(Stewart’s family) were from the bayous of Louisiana…also great story tellers. When you are raised on HEARING stories…..NOT SEEING THEM, you become very good at telling stories yourself. So at the age of 41 I started putting stories that I told down on paper and did drawings to help illustrate them…I guess the rest is history.
I have enjoyed a wonderful career of writing books for children . Who could have guessed that little girl that was having such a tough time in school would end up an illustrator and author. Children and adults alike ask me where I get my ideas…I get them from the same place that you do….MY IMAGINATION… I would guess the reason my imagination is so fertile is because I came from storytelling and, WE DID NOT OWN A T.V.!!!!!!!!! You see, when one is a writer, actor, dancer, musician; a creator of any kind, he or she does these things because they listen to that “voice” inside of them. All of us have that “voice”. It is where all inspired thoughts come from….but when you have electronic screens in front, of you, speaking that voice for you… it DROWNS OUT THE VOICE! When I talk to children and aspiring writers, I always ask them to listen to the voice, turn off the T.V. and
LISTEN…LISTEN…LISTEN.
Now that I have moved back to Union City I am intending to open my house and community and invite people to come there to take part in writing seminars, story telling festivals, literature conferences and various events that celebrate children’s literature. Keep an eye on my newsletter and my coming soon page and you may wish to come to one of these events.

Much love, and I look forward to seeing you and meeting you in person.

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Famous People With Dyslexia XVI

June 11, 2012 in Famous People With Dyslexia

Biography

William Butler YeatsWilliam Butler Yeats (1865-1939) was born in Dublin. His father was a lawyer and a well-known portrait painter. Yeats was educated in London and in Dublin, but he spent his summers in the west of Ireland in the family’s summer house at Connaught. The young Yeats was very much part of the fin de siècle in London; at the same time he was active in societies that attempted an Irish literary revival. His first volume of verse appeared in 1887, but in his earlier period his dramatic production outweighed his poetry both in bulk and in import. Together with Lady Gregory he founded the Irish Theatre, which was to become the Abbey Theatre, and served as its chief playwright until the movement was joined by John Synge. His plays usually treat Irish legends; they also reflect his fascination with mysticism and spiritualism. The Countess Cathleen (1892), The Land of Heart’s Desire (1894),Cathleen ni Houlihan (1902), The King’s Threshold (1904), and Deirdre (1907) are among the best known.
After 1910, Yeats’s dramatic art took a sharp turn toward a highly poetical, static, and esoteric style. His later plays were written for small audiences; they experiment with masks, dance, and music, and were profoundly influenced by the Japanese Noh plays. Although a convinced patriot, Yeats deplored the hatred and the bigotry of the Nationalist movement, and his poetry is full of moving protests against it. He was appointed to the Irish Senate in 1922. Yeats is one of the few writers whose greatest works were written after the award of the Nobel Prize. Whereas he received the Prize chiefly for his dramatic works, his significance today rests on his lyric achievement. His poetry, especially the volumes The Wild Swans at Coole (1919), Michael Robartes and the Dancer (1921), The Tower (1928), The Winding Stair and Other Poems (1933), and Last Poems and Plays(1940), made him one of the outstanding and most influential twentieth-century poets writing in English. His recurrent themes are the contrast of art and life, masks, cyclical theories of life (the symbol of the winding stairs), and the ideal of beauty and ceremony contrasting with the hubbub of modern life.
From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969
This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.
William Butler Yeats died on January 28, 1939.

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Famous People With Dyslexia XIII

June 8, 2012 in Famous People With Dyslexia

 

Gaston Caperton Biography

Gaston Caperton
Gaston Caperton, a former two-term governor of West Virginia, is the eighth president of the College Board, a not-for-profit membership association founded in 1900 that consists of 5,000 of the nation’s leading schools, colleges, and universities. Among its best-known programs are the Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) and the SAT®.
Since his appointment in 1999, Caperton has transformed the College Board into a resolutely mission-driven, values-oriented organization that takes bold steps to connect greater numbers of students to college success and opportunity while raising educational standards. In his successful effort to expand equity within programs that foster academic excellence, he has more than doubled the size of the College Board’s staff, modernized its management structure, and established collegeboard.com, the nation’s predominant comprehensive Web site serving nearly 4 million students a year as they plan their paths to college.
Under Caperton’s leadership, the College Board dramatically changed the SAT, the nation’s premier college admissions test. Most significantly, it added a new writing section that has begun to elevate the importance of writing on the nation’s education agenda. Addressing concerns over the writing skills of high school graduates, Caperton made the new section a required part of the test, saying, “Good writing is not optional.” Higher-level math was added and more critical reading passages were introduced to replace analogies. According to Time magazine: “[I]n a historical sense, Caperton’s ambitious agenda for the big test is appropriate: 77 years ago, the exam began life as a tool of social change.” Time called the new SAT “another great social experiment,” adding: “This time, the idea is that the test’s rigorous new curricular demands will lift all boats—that all schools will improve because they want their students to do well on the test.”
Caperton also deeply believes that the high standards found within the College Board’s Advanced Placement Program courses transform schools and change lives. Soon after his arrival at the College Board, USA Today, featured him as the “Education Crusader” and quoted him as saying, “The single most un-American aspect of our great society is the lack of truly equal educational opportunity.” USA Today added, “Caperton thinks he can help change that. That’s why he crisscrossed the USA in the spring, trying to get the board’s Advanced Placement courses into more schools.”
Fueled by Caperton’s philosophy, the College Board launched ambitious AP teacher training programs and Pre-AP® courses in middle schools. During his six years as president, the number of low-income students taking AP courses tripled. The rigor of the AP Exams has held steady, yet student performance has improved. Today, students taking AP Exams are demonstrating ability levels equal to and higher than any previous generation of AP students.
Caperton envisions another important role for the AP Program, that of catalyst for a greater appreciation of globalization’s influence on education in the United States. His campaign to initiate a new series of AP world language and culture courses has launched with the development of AP Chinese, Italian, Japanese, and Russian. These join AP World History, Human Geography, and Comparative Government as a series of offerings to prepare students to participate in a global community.
In September 2004, Caperton initiated the creation of College Board Schools, laboratories of learning aimed at preparing underserved middle and high school students to get into college and graduate. The first two schools debuted in New York City’s public school system, with the support of the Gates Foundation and the Dell Foundation. Plans for other College Board Schools in low-income neighborhoods are under way. Caperton believes that by participating in College Board academic programs that are led by well-trained teachers, students can achieve academic success no matter what their personal circumstances.
Improving education is not new for Caperton. As governor of West Virginia from 1988 to 1996, he developed a comprehensive plan that emphasized the use of computers and technology in the public schools, beginning with kindergarten through sixth grade, and later expanding to include grades 7 through 12. His aggressive school building program resulted in $800 million in investments that benefited two-thirds of West Virginia’s students. He raised teachers’ salaries to thirty-first in the nation from forty-ninth and had more than 19,000 educators trained through a statewide Center for Professional Development.
As the state’s thirty-first governor, Caperton brought West Virginia back from the brink of bankruptcy with more than $500 million in debts, and transformed it into a state that could boast of a $100 million surplus. Under his leadership, West Virginia’s unemployment rate dropped from 9.8 percent to a low of 6.2 percent. This was accomplished by creating more than 86,000 jobs. The sound financial management approach that he initiated led Financial World magazine to call West Virginia the most improved state in the nation.
Leaving the statehouse, Caperton spent the spring of 1997 teaching as a fellow at the John F. Kennedy Institute of Politics at Harvard University. He then taught at Columbia University, where he founded and managed the Institute on Education and Government.
Caperton began his career as a businessman in his home state. After graduating from the University of North Carolina, he went to work for a small insurance agency in Charleston, West Virginia. He soon became the company’s principal owner. Under his leadership, the company grew into the tenth-largest privately owned insurance brokerage firm in the nation.
Gaston Caperton has received numerous state and national awards and special recognition, including eight honorary doctoral degrees. He was chair of the Democratic Governors’ Association and served on the National Governors Association Executive Committee. He also served as chair of the Appalachian Regional Commission, Southern Regional Education Board, and the Southern Growth Policies Board.

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Thank you Leon Lewis Jr.





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Famous People With Dyslexia V

June 7, 2012 in Famous People With Dyslexia



Henry Winkler – Henry Franklin Winkler (born October 30, 1945) is a Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, director, producer and author. He is perhaps most famous for his role as Arthur “Fonzie” Fonzarelli on the popular sitcom Happy Days (1974–1984). Winkler attended the McBurney School and received his bachelor’s degree from Emerson College in 1967 and his MFA from the Yale School of Drama in 1970. In 1978, Emerson gave Winkler an honorary doctorate of humane letters. Winkler has also received a Doctor of Humane Letters from Austin College. Having struggled throughout his school years with unidentified dyslexia Winkler, at age 31, finally understood what he’d been grappling with all his life, when making a documentary about dyslexia, Winkler himself found that he was dyslexic.


Jackie Stewart – Sir John Young Stewart, OBE (born 11 June 1939 in Milton, West Dunbartonshire), better known as Jackie, and nicknamed The Flying Scot, is a Scottish former racing driver. He competed in Formula One between 1965 and 1973, winning three World Drivers’ Championships. Former F1 champion Sir Jackie Stewart, said he thought he was “thick” at school before discovering he was dyslexic. Sir Jackie said “word blindness” meant he had to race to keep up with other pupils. In those days dyslexia wasn’t something that got identified in many schools.

Leonardo Da Vinci – Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was a Tuscan polymath: scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, botanist, musician and writer. As an engineer, Leonardo conceived ideas vastly ahead of his own time, conceptualising a helicopter, a tank, concentrated solar power, a calculator, and the double hull, and outlining a rudimentary theory of plate tectonics. He also had the gift of dyslexia. Most of the time, he wrote his notes backwards. Although unusual, this is a trait shared by many left-handed dyslexic people. Most of the time, dyslexic writers are not even consciously aware that they are writing this way.

Magic Johnson – Earvin Effay Johnson, Jr. (born August 14, 1959 in Lansing, Michigan) is a retired American National Basketball Association (NBA) basketball player for the Los Angeles Lakers. Johnson isacknowledged as one of the most popular NBA basketball players of all time, being well-known for his uncanny passing and dribbling skills, and for his cheerful nature on and off the court. In the words of Magic Johnson: “The looks, the stares, the giggles . . . I wanted to show  everybody that I could do better and also that I could  read.”